Horn of Africa: from Glory to Misery, and Hope?

Horn of Africa

By Kidane Alemayehu

  1. Abstract

During most of the first millennium A.D., the Horn of Africa constituted a region that was a superpower in the affairs of northeastern Africa as well as southern Arabia. Its influence and, at times, its authority extended from Egypt to the Indian Ocean and across the Red Sea all the way to Mecca. The capital for its overseas territory in south Arabia was Sanaa in Yemen. It was a major partner with the other superpowers of the time: Persia, Byzantium, and India on matters of trade as well as political and military issues. Like USA today, the Horn of Africa was the place of refuge for people escaping various forms of oppression such as the first followers of Islam who survived the onslaughts by Meccan authorities by residing in Axum, Ethiopia for some 15 years before they were able to return home.

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Memorandum No. 10: Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia’s “Search and Rescue Prime Minister”!

  • Category: Viewpoint
PM Abiy Ahmed with freed Ethiopian prisoners in Egypt

By Prof. Al Mariam

Author’s Note: There are two commentaries in this Memorandum.

The first is a “short” (at least that is what I call it) topical commentary on the recent activities of the leadership of the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) in Tigray region. The second is my usual memorandum to PM Abiy Ahmed commending him for his extraordinary work searching and rescuing Ethiopians from jails and prisons in various countries.

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Memorandum No. 9: PM Abiy Ahmed, “Blessed are the Peacemakers” in Ethiopia

  • Category: Viewpoint
“Blessed are the peacemakers.”

By Prof. Al Mariam

The Good Book says, “Blessed are the peacemakers.” It is a maxim that aims to guide those who seek to deliver the message of peace and reconciliation to humanity. It is a message that teaches true peace is found between individuals or nations by restoring broken relationships in a reconciliation process.

Today, PM Abiy told the people of Egypt, “What I want to tell the people of Egypt is that we Ethiopians know the value of spirit of brotherhood and neighborhood and we are God-fearing people, and we will never harm the people of Egypt.”

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Kudos! Trump’s First Year Human Rights Record in Africa

  • Category: Viewpoint
Donald Trump

By Prof. Al Mariam

Author’s Note: In this commentary, I offer a personal review of the Trump administration’s human rights record in Africa in 2017.

On December 21, 2017, with little fanfare, President Donald Trump issued Executive Order 13818 of December 20, 2017 for targeted sanctions “declaring a national emergency with respect to the unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States posed by serious human rights abuse and corruption around the world.”

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Ethiopia-Win-Et: Understanding the Mind of the Mastermind of Ethnic Federalism (Part II)

  • Category: Viewpoint
Meles Zenawi

By Prof. Al Mariam

As long as people believed in ‘a bright future,’ they fought side by side irrespective of nationality – common questions first and foremost! But when doubt crept into people’s hearts, they began to depart, each to his own national tent – let every man count only upon himself! The ‘national question’ first and foremost! Marxism and the National Question J. V. Stalin
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Deaf Ear! Blind Eye! Do Not Advance Security (Part I of II)

Deaf Ear! Blind Eye!

- Seizing a golden opportunity for change in Ethiopia

Aklog Birara (Dr)

Ethiopians are used to “deaf ear and blind eye” with regard to the international community in general and Ethiopian regime “strategic allies,” especially the United States and the European Union with regard to gross human rights violations in Ethiopia. Even under the worst of conditions, including massacres of innocent civilians by Ethiopian federal and security forces, these friends continue to issue innocuous and timid statements. It is time to change.

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Ethiopia-Win-Et: The U.S. on the Horns of a Creeping Civil War Dilemma in Ethiopia

  • Category: Viewpoint
Dilemma of USA

By Prof. Al Mariam

Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable…In the past, those who foolishly sought power by riding the back of the tiger ended up inside.” John F. Kennedy
The quiet riot of civil disobedience in Ethiopia over the past two years is slowly morphing into a creeping and enveloping civil war. Alemayehu G. Mariam

Author’s Note: I have postponed the second installment of my “Deconstructing T-TPLF’s Ethnic Federalism” series in light of the deteriorating situation in Ethiopia today.

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